An Organization is a social system, formed in order to achieve the same objective in common. Like any other system, it can count on internal subsystems, which have assigned specific tasks.
The Organization, a word derived from the Greek “organic”, consists of a group of people focused on one objective in common to achieve. This organization can only work and be real if, among the people who compose it, there is communication and coordinated Act towards the goals or objectives intended to comply. There are rules, which the organization adopts and help to achieve the mission.
It is very important that organizations, in order to achieve the objectives set out in the most satisfactory way, have with resource. These can be resources economic, resources human, resources technological, them resources estate, the natural or the intangible.
Organizations have specific characteristics. The human group, to work, must establish explicit and clear rules , provide a certain degree of formality and present recurrent behavior. Basically, the organizations are an order given in certain time, space, and culture. With its view on a particular target, they are created at a specific time point, creating consequences in the environment.
(Meeting of staff in an organization.)
As the great feature of the organizations is the order, its members are ordered hierarchically, establishing norms and rules, all targeted to the intended goal. Organizations create power, owns it and transmit it. They not only generate jobs, but will also generate an own culture. Through its symbols, images and its prestige creates a path whereby they begin, retain and reproduce knowledge.
Types of organizations
Organizations can be for-profit (firms), non-profit (NGOs) or merely for administrative purposes, of representation, solution or service (Government agencies).
The NGOs (which means Non-governmental organizations) or also called civil society, organizations are social groupings, which aims to meet needs of the community. Some examples of these organizations are clubs, political parties or trade unions, among others.
With regard to NGOs, it is important to highlight that, in covering the world, there are millions of these to objectives relating to social good. Its major feature is its financial independence so that they do not depend on any Government; In addition to that are also characterized by the tireless pursuit of equality of opportunity.
Some examples of the objectives of these organizations are:
help to the environment
improving working conditions
the child protection
of the third age
On the other hand, governmental organizations Yes depend on a Government and, in fact, they are created by the same. Which are created with social ends can point to the same objectives as the NGOs, the difference is economic funding.